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All Stressed Out – EC Smartboard ActivityBy – LearntobeHealthy.org, adapted by JP Kimbrough
P.E. & Health, Science
9, 10, 11, 12
All Stressed Out – EC Smartboard Activity
By – LearntobeHealthy, adapted by JP Kimbrough
Health / Physical Education
Grade Level – EC 9-12
LESSON DESCRIPTION: In this teacher modeled, web-based activity and students will find out what exactly stress is, how it effects the body, and why it happens through interaction on the SmartBoard and with the use of Life on Demand and LearntToBeHealthy.org. They will then identify stressors in their life and learn about steps they can take to cope with stress in a positive way and in ways specific to their needs or learning difficulty.
DURATION: Week Long Unit, 4-5 Class Periods
DELIVERY METHOD: Internet, Video and Group instructions
- Computer with Internet access
- SmartBoard connected to computer and internet
- WhiteBoard with Markers of varying colors
- LearnToBeHealthy.org Login
- Stressors Answer Sheet
- Graphic Organizers for activator
- 3×5 Index Cards for Summarizers (Tickets)
- Students should be able to work cooperatively and attentively while participating in class discussion to complete this web-based activity. As an alternative, they can work with a partner or may receive extra guided instruction from the TA’s or student assistants. Some students will work independently on the computers once shown what to do.
- This activity contains a closed captioning (cc) scroll bar that can be turned on or off. Click the cc button to turn closed captioning on or off. The activity script can also be accessed by launching the Activity Script link.
- We will work on one stressor subject at a time, spending more time reviewing and reinforcing the activation of prior knolwedge. For example the Intro, Types of Stress, Your Body, Bedroom, Hallway and Coping Skills activities will be seperated as if in different units.
ACTIVATOR: Essential Question on the board. What is stress?
WordWall, KWL and/or other Graphic Organizers drawn on the WhiteBoards or handed out:
Goal: Relate student experiences to the objectives of the lesson and prior knowledge questions by asking the following as critical or essential questions:
- What do you think about the word stress?
- How does stress make you feel?
- What are some things that make us feel stressed?
- Do you experience stress every day?
- Name three things you can do to handle stress.
- Are these healthy ways of dealing with stress?
- What are some healthy ways we can do to deal with stress?
- What are some consequences of making bad choices while stressed?
- The adrenal glands are endocrine glands that sit on top of the kidneys and are responsible for regulating the stress response.
- The autonomic nervous system is a division of the nervous system that functions involuntarily, including heart rate, blood pressure, digestion, and breathing.
- Cortisol is a hormone produced by the adrenal glands involved in the body’s response to stress, including the metabolism of fat, glucose, and protein.
- Distress is stress caused by adverse events that produce negative effects.
- The endocrine glands are ductless glands that empty their hormonal products directly into the blood. Endocrine glands include the pituitary gland, pancreas, thyroid, ovaries, testes, and adrenal glands.
- Epinephrine, also called adrenaline, is a hormone produced by the adrenal glands that gets secreted when the sympathetic nervous system is stimulated. It works to increase cardiac output and raise blood sugar levels.
- Eustress is a positive form of stress, often associated with desirable events.
- The fight-or-flight response is the body’s reaction to stress.
- Homeostasis is the ability of the body to maintain a steady state of internal balance.
- Hormones are chemical substances in the body produced by the endocrine system.
- The hypothalamus is an endocrine gland found in the brain that is part of both the endocrine and nervous systems.
- Norepinephrine is a hormone produced by the adrenal glands similar to epinephrine but works to maintain blood pressure through constriction of blood vessels.
- The parasympathetic nervous system is a division of the autonomic nervous system that helps to bring the body back to a relaxed state by slowing heart and breathing rate.
- The pituitary gland, or master gland of the body, is a pea-sized endocrine gland located at the base of the brain that regulates many body processes including growth, reproduction, and various metabolic activities. It is a small pea sized gland located at the base of the brain.
- Stress is an intense force, strain, agent or mental condition, which produces a defense reaction.
- A stressor is anything capable of causing stress.
Teaching Strategy–LearnToBeHealthy Activity:
- Days 1-2: Students will sit at there desks which are positioned towards the SmartBoard. The teacher will log on to LearntobeHealthy.org. Students using laptops will work along with the teacher following log on directions
- The All Stressed Out activity begins with a teen commentator giving a background on what stress is and its physiological effects on the body, including the fight-or-flight response (see tabs ‘Return to Intro’, ‘Types of Stress’, and ‘Your Body’).
- Days 2-3: After learning about how stress affects the different parts of the body, students will identify where stress come from in a bedroom and school hallway (see ‘Bedroom Activity’ and ‘Hallway Activity’ tabs).
- Students will be instructed to select 5 items they think are stressors in these two scenes by clicking on them.
- As they are clicked on, each stressor will reveal a pop-up window, including a description of why this item may elicit stress and a question for students to answer. Note: The stressors in these two scenes can be accessed by launching the Stressors link.
- Days 3-5: After reviewing stressors and the bedroom and hallway scenes, students will learn coping strategies they can use to manage stress (see ‘Coping Skills’ tab).
- Days 5-6: Students can record coping strategies for the activity stressors on the Stressors Answer Sheet.
- Students will then redo the All Stressed Out activity so they can now apply the coping strategies they’ve learned, as they engage in the bedroom and hallway scenes, as well as fill in any learning gaps or missing information.
When this activity is completed, the students will have:
- Defined stress and differentiate between eustress and distress.
- Identified physical effect stress has on the body and brain.
- Defined the “fight or flight” syndrome.
- Identified typical stressors in a student’s life.
- Recalled healthy ways to cope with stress.
- Recalled healthy ways to cope with stress.
Summarizers: Questions or Graphic Organizers to check for understandings.
- Stress is your body’s response to changes around you. 3-2-1 Ticket
- 3-2-1: Give 3 examples of ‘positive’ stress. Give 2 examples of ‘negative’ stress. Give 1 example of how stress makes you feel?
- 3-2-1: Name 3 sources of stress at home, 2 sources of stress at school and one other source.
- Stress affects your whole body, not just your mind. Q/A Ticket
- When we’re relaxed, the body is in a balanced state known as ________________________.
- What are two ways the body responds to stressors?
- What is this response called?
- i. How does the brain respond to stress?
- ii. Which glands in the body are stimulated during stress?
- Name 3 hormones released as a result of stress.
- What do they prepare the body for?
- i. List two ways the heart and blood vessels are affected by stress.
- How do the lungs respond to stress? The liver? Skin? Muscles? All other non-essential body functions?
- When coping with stress, it is important to work toward staying at the eustress level where stress is motivating and not debilitating.
- Stress that is not dealt with can wear the body down and affect our health how?
- What is one of the first things you should do when coping with stress? Name 5 other coping skills for dealing with stress.
- Why is sleep important when coping with stress?