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This Art lesson involves Painting (or Drawing) Sunsets and Landscapes and some Geology study too
5, 4, 2, 3, 1
Title – Sunsets
By – Kim Herrboldt and Rachel Stokes
Primary Subject – Art
Secondary Subjects – Science
Grade Level – 1-5
Materials needed: 9″ by 12″ sheet of white drawing paper, oil crayons, watercolor paints, paint brushes, paper towels, landscape and ocean scene stencils, and sun stencils.
Number of Class Hours: 2 hours for project and cleanup: 30minutes pre-assessment: 15 minutes for oral quiz.
Concept: Students will create either a landscape or ocean scene by using oil crayons, stencils and watercolors, after which they will show and explain their work.
Objectives: Link art with science. Instruction in different regions; geographic land types, color fundamentals, color harmony, shape analysis, repetition, build vocabulary in art and science terms; Develop understanding of art principles. (Art standards: 1, 2, 3, 4; Science Standards.)
Motivational Tools: Enthusiasm: information about art and science and how they are linked: examples of different landscape and ocean sunsets, class discussion on students knowledge about the link between art and science.
1) Show and explain examples of finished projects
2) Define the vocabulary terms.
3) Provide cautions.
4) Provide supplies and directions on how to create the land or ocean scene and the sun.
5) Using the handmade poster-board stencil of waves, hill or mountain, have the students color along the edge of the stencil with oil crayons. Use the shiny side because it is easier to rub off the color, and after the students have colored the edge have them wipe it off onto drawing paper with a paper towel. Have the students move the stencil around to get a variety of waves, hills etc and fill up about half of the page with the landscape. When the students are finished with the landscape have them use the circle stencil to make the setting sun. They will first put the bottom of the stencil onto the landscape and half above to give it the effect of a setting sun. Then the students need to color the top half of the sun and then rub the color onto the paper like they did with the landscapes and then they can fill the inside of the sun with watercolor or crayons. When the students are finished with the landscape explain how to do the watercolor painting technique of wet on wet to create the sunset.
6) This is done by first wetting down the paper with water and then adding the watercolor to the paper, this creates an atmospheric effect.
7) Have students begin activity, during which refer to visuals for motivation.
Begin work (15-30 minute sessions)
Informal: Display the works: discuss the art and science objectives; find objectives in finished works: Seek students’ reactions.
Formal: Give oral quiz on terms or written depending on the grade level of the students. (More terms then what is provided will be necessary for higher grade levels)
List of Terms Related to Problem:
1) Color- hue is the name of the color, and then there are tints, tones and shades of each color.
2) Harmony-visual connections in art with color and design.
3) Wet on wet-painting on a surface that is wet from water or from another color.
4) Landscape-a picture representing natural scenery.
5) Sunset-descent of the sun below the horizon.
E-Mail Kim Herrboldt and Rachel Stokes !