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This is a lesson activity on cause and effect
By – Jennifer Looney
Primary Subject – Language Arts
Grade Level – 4
Texas Essential Knowledge & Skills Language Arts Standards:
- 110.6.a.1 Fourth grade students can identify and follow varied text structures such as chronologies and cause and effect.
- The student will be able to define and give an example of a cause and an effect.
- The student will be able to write their own cause and effect.
- The student will be able to give an effect for a given cause, or give a cause for a given effect.
- Teachers need:
- White board
- White board markers
- List of examples
- Students need:
- Paper and pencils
- The teacher prepares examples of cause and effect.
- Have students go back to desks and clear them off. Then take out a piece of paper and a pencil.
- “Today we are talking about cause and effect, but before that, I thought I would talk to you about my weekend.” Then write the following examples on the board:
I left my shoes on the floor, and my dog chewed them up.
I went to the grocery store and then my house had food again. Procedure:
- Begin by explaining that a cause is the first thing that happens, and the effect is what happens because of the cause, the outcome or result. You can remind the students that it is like a story, the character does something that then makes something else happen. It would not make sense if ” they lived happily ever after ” came before, ” the prince rescued the princess .”
- Then ask a volunteer to tell what part of ” I left my shoes on the floor, and my dog chewed them up ” is the cause, and then what the effect is.
- Repeat for the second example but reverse the order; ask for the effect first, then the cause.
- As they state the cause and effect circle the cause in one marker color and then underline the effect in another color.
- Pair up students and then number off in pairs (in each pair, one student chooses to be #1, and the other #2).
- #1’s are the causes and #2’s are the effects.
- The first round, the “cause” partner writes a cause on his or her own paper. Next the “effect” partner writes the effect on their own paper.
- Take time for a few groups to share.
- Then repeat the exercise, but have the “effects” go first, “causes” go second. Allow groups to share again. Next have everyone write a cause and an effect on their own.
- Pick up papers, have pairs hand in the papers together.
- Have a volunteer explain what a cause and effect is, and then how you can tell which is which.
- Then give an example, ” Harry is allergic to peanut butter, so he never gets to eat PB&Js; like the other kids. ” Have volunteers pick out what is the cause and what the effect is.