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Students use the strategy of visualization here to better comprehend text
By – Donna Misrok
Primary Subject – Language Arts
Grade Level – 1-2
- Students will use the strategy of visualizing to better comprehend text.
- Students should be able to make text-to-self connections; and they should be able to make guesses and predictions related to a story.
- Picture book — The Vegetables Go To Bed by Christopher King
- Poem — One Inch Tall by Shel Silverstein
- Paper and crayons/colored pencils
- White board and markers
- Whole Group:
- Prepare white board: Good Readers Visualize .
- What does visualize mean?
- Making pictures in your head
- Taking snapshots
- How do we visualize?
- By making connections
- Using what we already know; drawing upon our background knowledge and experiences
- Are everyone’s pictures the same?
- No — because we all have different background knowledge and experiences
- Demonstrate this point — give students a word (i.e., flower) and have 2 students come up to the white board and draw what they picture in their head. Point out that each student’s drawing was different. Repeat this with a few different words — bed, ice cream, tree, home
- Ask students to close their eyes and visualize while you read The Vegetables Go To Bed , by Christopher King Do not show the pictures.
- Individual Activity:
- Give each student a piece of white paper to draw on. Students will use colored pencils or crayons. Ask them to draw something they visualized from the book.
- Whole Group Share:
- Regroup in a circle on the rug and have each student present their visualization illustration. Point out how each is different from another because how/what we visualize is based not just on what we all heard together, but also on our previous knowledge and past experiences. For example, one student might draw a bunkbed while another student might draw a regular bed.
- Review what visualizing means and how it helps us to better understand/comprehend a story.
- Reread The Vegetables Go To Bed and share the illustrator’s illustrations. Compare with what students drew.
- Reinforce visualization strategy by doing similar lesson with a different genre (poetry). Read Shel Silverstein’s Poem — One Inch Tall . Ask students to illustrate what they visualize and share.
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