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Here’s an idea called “Fruit Poetry” focusing on Similies and Metaphors


Language Arts  


3, 4, 5, 6, 7  

Title – Fruit Poetry
By – Marcy Winograd
Primary Subject – Language Arts
Secondary Subjects – Language Arts
Grade Level – 3-7
Standard: Students will write using descriptive language which appeals to the senses.

Goal: Students will be able to identify and use metaphors and similes in poetry.

Objective: Students will use similes and metaphors when writing a poem contrasting the inside and outside of a piece of fruit.

Materials needed: a variety of cut up fruit (apple, strawberry, orange, lime, peach, etc.)

Anticipatory set: Display the fruit on a checkered tablecloth and ask students, “How can I use a piece of fruit to create a poem?”

Procedure: Using the overhead projector, the teacher guides students through the writing process, modeling what students will later do independently. The teacher chooses a piece of fruit, for example a strawberry, and writes the following: On the outside …” S/he asks for students to suggest metaphors and/or similes for the texture. “On the outside the strawberry is rough, like the life of the farm worker who toils all day, bent in the fields.” Next, the teacher asks for students to suggest metaphors/similes for the color and shape of the outside of the strawberry.” “The strawberry is an oval, like a prickly red planet, or a giant tear drop.” After brainstorming similes and metaphors for the outside of the fruit, the teacher asks for sensory images concerning the inside.
“On the inside the strawberry is …” S/he asks the students to suggest metaphors for the texture, color and scent of the inside of the strawberry. Students might respond, “On the inside the strawberry is a tunnel to summer, a heart ready for romance, the blush of a young girl’s face.” The teacher then asks for students to use a simile to describe the scent. “On the inside the strawberry smells like honeysuckle nights, like the forest after a gentle rain.”
Finally, the teacher can suggest a phrase to end the poem, “Taste the strawberry and …” Or “One bite of the strawberry and you are …” Students can fill in the sentence with their own imagery.

After the teacher models the writing, students chose their own piece of fruit and write an outside/inside poem independently. They can use the sentence starters on the transparency but should come up with their own imagery.

Assessment: The poems can be scored on a rubric with the top score indicating the student has used at least three vivid metaphors and/or similes to describe the outside, and three vivid metaphors/and or similes to describe the inside of the fruit.

Homework: Students write an outside/inside poem about themselves, contrasting the way others see them with the way they really are.

E-Mail Marcy Winograd !

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