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Fun with Quotations


Language Arts  



Title – Fun with Quotations
By – Brad Moore

I. Grade and Developmental Level: 4th Grade Language Arts

II. Objective:
· Students will be able to punctuate and capitalize quotations correctly.
· Students will be able to use quotations correctly in their writing.

III. Procedures:
· Focus:
The teacher will pass out copies of a page in the book The Bernstein Bears Get Stage Fright that contains quotations. The teacher will direct the students to find as many quotations in that passage as they can. Once students have been given time to find the quotations, the teacher will ask for students to raise their hands and point out the quotations they found. The teacher will then explain to the students that they will be discussing quotations. The teacher will also point out that quotations are used in a variety of writing and that knowing how to correctly include quotations in one’s writing is important.

· Input:
The teacher will explain that a quotation is the exact words of a speaker. The teacher will also explain that quotation marks show where the speaker’s exact words begin and end. The teacher will tell the students that the first word in a quotation begins with a capital letter. Next, the teacher will explain that when a quotation comes last in a sentence, students will use a comma to separate the speaker from the quotation. Finally, the teacher will tell the students how to correctly punctuate a sentence with a quotation in it when that sentence involves a statement, question, or exclamation. The teacher will remind students to remember the period at the end of the sentence. After explaining the correct format to be used when including a quotation in a sentence, the teacher will model correct usage of quotations that meet the criteria mentioned above.

· Modeling:
The teacher will write on the board several examples of sentences that use quotations correctly. Students will be asked to focus on where the punctuation marks, quotation marks, and capital letters are used in each sentence.

· Check for Understanding:
The teacher will then write several sentences on the board. The teacher will call on several students to come to the board and punctuate those sentences correctly. Classmates will be asked to help the students if they struggle completing the assigned task. The teacher will ask for any questions before continuing.

· Guided Practice:
The teacher will divide students into groups of 3 or 4 depending on class size. Students will be given a zip-lock bag with a sentence inside of that bag. These sentences will be cut apart and mixed up in the bag so that they will be out of order. Students will be given time to talk within their group and arrange the sentence that they are given in the bag in the correct order. Groups will raise their hands when they have completed the assigned task so that the teacher may check over the sentence and make sure the sentence is arranged correctly. If time permits, groups may switch bags to complete the task again with a new sentence.

· Independent Practice:
The teacher will explain to the class that they will view a comic on the overhead (Newspaper comic strips or Far Side comics may be used). Students will be expected to create a dialogue that relates to the comic they are shown. Students are required to write at least four sentences that correctly use quotations. Students should be encouraged to be as creative as possible when developing their dialogues. Once the students have written at least four sentences using quotations to describe what they think is going on in the comic, they may begin work on their homework.

Early finishers may continue adding more quotes to their dialogues.

· Closure:
The teacher will select a few students to share their finished dialogues with the class. Students will use good listening skills as they listen to the conversations their classmates have created. Finally, the teacher will ask for any questions before taking up the dialogues and explaining the homework assignment.

IV. Materials:
          English Text
          Teacher’s Edition
          Comic – Overhead
          Overhead Projector
          Bernstein Bear’s Get Stage Fright
          White Erase Board/Erasers/Markers
          Zip-Lock Bags
          Cut Up Sentences

V. Assessment:
· Student responses to teacher questions.
· Worksheet page 60 checked for accuracy.
· Conversations/Dialogues checked for accuracy and creativity.
· Students worked appropriately in groups, completing the assignment and staying on task.

E-Mail Brad Moore!

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