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“Chipo’s Gift” is a thematic cross-curriculum book unit about an inquisitive mopane worm

Subjects:

Art, Language Arts, Math, P.E. & Health, Science  

Grades:

PreK, K, 1, 2  

Title – Thematic Unit for the book Chipo’s Gift
By – Deb Troehler
Primary Subject – Language Arts
Secondary Subjects – Math, Science, Art, Physical Education
Grade Level – K-2

Note from author:

      The following ideas and suggestions are intended to be a springboard for possible activities to accompany my book

Chipo’s Gift,

      a story about an inquisitive mopane worm from South Africa that takes a chance and follows her dreams. Please feel free to use and modify the activities to meet the needs of your child or student.
    To purchase the book that accompanies the thematic unit, please visit Amazon.com. A portion of the net proceeds from each book sale will be donated to Beautiful Gate Ministries in Lesotho, South Africa.

Skills addressed: Reading/writing:

      comprehension (concrete and implied), drawing conclusions

Science:

      comparing/contrasting species of moths (life cycle, habits, etc.)

Math:

      addition, counting, number recognition

Art:

      identifying batik technique, eye-hand coordination

Geography:

      identifying continents, comparing seasons in the northern/southern hemispheres

Physical Education:

      using balance, range of motion

Other concepts:

    symmetry, relating story to personal experience, listening skills, reasoning skills

Activities and Lessons:

  1. Subject: Reading
    Skill: Comprehension; listening skills


    Prior to reading the story:

    Objective:

    • Students will use prior knowledge and picture clues to make predictions about the story.

    Task:

    • Discuss the images on the cover of Chipo’s Gift (cover shown above).
      • Is Chipo (chee’ poh) the caterpillar or the moth? How do you know?
      • What do you think is the gift? Why?
      • Have you ever seen a caterpillar? How was it the same or different from the one on the cover?
    • Optional Warm-up activity:
      • Objective: to increase the use of listening skills for the student/child.
      • Using a puppet or stuffed animal, present The Tale of Two Caterpillars , a video short story comparing the life cycles of the North American Wild Gypsy Moth and the African Emperor Moth (Chipo).  
      • Ask the students to remember the details of each caterpillar and determine which caterpillar Chipo is by listening to the story.


    Follow-up after reading the story:

    Objective:

    • Students will recall story details and draw conclusions.

    Task:

    • Select from the following comprehension questions to use with different skill/age levels.
      • In the beginning of the story, how was Chipo different from her brothers and sisters?
      • Why did Chipo go to the top of the mopani tree?
      • What made the rainbow on the leaves?
      • When did Chipo’s colors begin to change?
      • Geography: refer to the image on page 14, compare with a map or globe. Where did Chipo travel to when she was trapped inside the folds of the dress? How do you think she felt? Explain.
      • Ask the students if they have family living far away – discuss student input.
  2. Subject: Science
    Skill: Compare/contrast insect species


    Follow-up after viewing The Tale of Two Caterpillars

    Objective:

    • Students will recall facts about two types of moths: the Mopane or Emperor Moth (Southern Africa) and the Wild Silk Moth (North America).


    Parent/Teacher Resource:

    • Use the scientific names to gather additional information before beginning activity:
      • Emperor Moth – Gonimbrasia belina
      • Wild Silk Moth – Antheraea polyphemus
    • Please note:
      • Do not expect students to learn these terms, they are listed to aid in your fact gathering.

    Task:

    • Discuss, sort facts and compare both species:
      • Mopane worms forage in groups of 20 to 200; wild silk moth worms are mainly solitary foragers
      • One builds a chrysalis; one goes through metamorphosis under the ground
      • Both cannot eat as adult moths
      • Both look similar, etc.
    • Diagram the life cycle of the mopane moth.
    • Geography: Compare seasons in the northern/southern hemispheres.
  3. Subject: Math
    Skill: Basic addition/1-to-1 correspondence

    Objective:

    • Students will create addition number sentences using a graphic visual.

    Task:

    • Download and print math worksheet from website
  4. Subject: Art
    Skill: Cutting moth shapes in a symmetrical manner, tearing paper

    Objective:

    • Students will use magazines to find pictures of flowers, they will then tear them out (ragged edge mosaic format) and assemble the pieces on a background, topping it with their cutout of a moth.

    Supplies needed:

    • Magazines with pictures of flowers
    • Construction paper
    • Scissors
    • Glue (H int: If you have access to a repositionable adhesive glue stick, this works much better, as the students can change the way they arrange the torn paper. )

    Set-up:

    • Discuss how Chipo’s colors changed as she munched the leaves on different flowers and bushes.
    • Tell the students that they will be creating their own special moth, using flowers they choose.
    • Discuss the concept of symmetry (a good warm-up activity to reinforce this concept is either the Simmy-Tree worksheet or the P.E. game 1-2-3 Symmetry),
    • Demonstrate the method (some students may have cut out paper hearts in the past – access prior knowledge).
    • Show completed sample.

    Task steps:

    1. Students will cut out pictures of flowers (the larger the better) from magazines. They will then tear them into mosaic pieces and glue them onto the background construction paper.
    2. Allow the glue to dry while step three is completed.
    3. Fold another piece of construction paper in half. ( Hint: For younger students, the teacher can draw a basic moth wing on the center fold of a piece of construction paper. ) Draw HALF of a moth on the center fold of the paper and cut along the lines. (The portion used will be the outside part, with the hole in the center.)
    4. Position the cut out moth over the flower mosaic and glue it in place.
  5. Subject: Art
    Skill: Crayon Batik (less messy and safer)

    Objective:

    • Students will learn the traditional method of batik (hot wax resist), but use that information to create a variation of the method – crayon batik.

    Supplies needed:

    • Quality crayons with fine points
    • Sturdy paper (economy cardstock)
    • Diluted tempera or acrylic paint (dilute to a consistency that is the same as water, but still contains a lot of pigment)
    • Plain newsprint to dry completed artwork

    Set-up:

    • Show students pictures of traditional batik (internet search for images), explaining how it is related to the story (the clothes on the clothesline are supposed to be batik prints) and discuss how it is done (a design is created by painting wax on fabric, and dying the fabric a light color, adding more wax, dying again, and repeating the process until the design is complete. When complete, with the traditional method, the wax is melted out of the fabric completely.
    • Discuss with students the reason that Chipo thought she had landed on a leaf. What were the “veins”?

    Task Steps:

    1. Students will draw block-style pictures (encourage large shapes with small spaces in between) with crayons, making sure they cover their shapes with a full layer of crayon.
    2. Fold and crinkle the paper into a ball (the more they fold and ball it up, the more lines of paint that will show).
    3. Unfold the paper and dip it into a pan of diluted paint, laying it flat on newsprint to dry.
    4. Allow to dry thoroughly.
  6. Subject: Physical Education
    Skill: Creating symmetry with a partner

    Objective:

    • Students will match their physical positions to a partner’s positions with symmetry (1-2-3 symmetry).

    Warm-up Task: Play 1-2-3 Symmetry.

    1. Discuss concept of symmetry – use examples (face, arms, legs, etc.). Practice some examples (both arms up high – symmetry; one arm up, one arm down – not symmetry)
      ( Hint: you can vary the level of difficulty to match the skill level of the students; example: for older students, make only subtle changes in symmetry.)
    2. Divide class into pairs (try to pair with student of similar height-also a good example to show that true symmetry in nature is rare)
    3. Play the game: the leader turns on the music while each pair practices a pose. The goal is to have them stand side-by-side and match positions. Before turning off the music, shout 1-2-3 Symmetry. Turn off the music and the pairs must remain still.
    4. Go around the room and discuss if each pair is showing symmetry.
    5. Continue on with the Simmy-Tree Worksheet task described in the next section.
  7. Subject: Other
    Skill: Identifying shapes that are symmetrical

    Objective:

    • Students will identify shapes that demonstrate symmetry.

    Supplies needed:

    • Simmy-Tree Worksheet provided on website and below
    • Scissors
    • Glue ( Hint: If you have access to a repositionable adhesive gluestick, this works much better, as the students can change the way they arrange the leaves. )

    Task: Symmetry worksheet:

    1. Download and print the Help Build Simmy-Tree worksheet
    2. Discuss why Simmy-Tree is NOT symmetrical (possible answers: shape of trunk, coloring of trunk, grouping of leaves on the branches).
    3. Tell the students that they need to locate the pairs of symmetrical (same size, shape, position) of leaves on the second page. Cut out and attach to the tree.
    4. Identify the pair of wings that are symmetrical for Chipo to help her fly. Discuss why she would need wings the same shape and size.
  8. Subject: Other
    Skill: Reasoning; using prior knowledge

    Objective:

    • Students will increase awareness of looking through the eyes of others and seeing things differently.

    Task: Think Inside-the-Box Game

    1. Download and print the “Think Inside the Box Game” worksheets
    2. Object of the game: In Chico’s Gift, the main character identifies things only through her eyes. She thinks a clothesline is a pair of skinny trees with pretty leaves. In this game, students will use their prior knowledge to identify objects being described.
    3. Cut out the descriptive cards on the first worksheet and the box template from the second one. Assemble the box.
    4. Hand the first player a card (or the teacher reads card to younger students).
    5. The player holding the card reads one clue at a time, allowing the other players to make guesses on what the object is. Only one guess per player or team. (Encourage students to listen to the predictions of the other players.)
    6. When a player correctly names the object, he puts the card into his team’s box.
    7. The player or team that has the most cards at the end of the game wins.


Attachment A – Help Build Simmy-Tree Worksheets

 

Attachment I – Think Inside-the-Box Worksheets

 

Attachment M – Chipo’s Gift Math Worksheet

E-Mail Deb Troehler !

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