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Young students create number garlands here to begin their exposure to multiplication

Subject:

Math  

Grades:

K, 1, 2, 3, 4  

Title – Learning Multiplication
By – Elizabeth
Primary Subject – Math
Grade Level – K-4

Standards Addressed:

  • Number recognition
  • Multiplication
  • Sequencing

General Goal(s):

    To write and gain familiarity with numbers and to introduce multiplication.

Specific Objectives:

    Gain knowledge of the multiplication facts.

Required Materials:

  • index cards or card stock, paper or cardboard
  • stringing thread
  • scissors
  • paint or writing tools
  • whole puncher

Anticipatory Set (Lead-In):

    “We are going to string number “tickets” together in various orders to count out our multiplication facts.”

Step-By-Step Procedures:

  1. Cut the desired paper choice into squares or rectangles about the size of an index card.
  2. Punch two wholes in the square. Punch the wholes at the top on both sides of the square.
  3. Now the squares are ready for the numbers.
    • If you are starting with the two times table: Count by two – the first square gets a number two; the second gets a four, the third square gets a six etc.
    • If you were working on the nine times table – you will count by nine. The first card gets a nine, the second gets an eighteen, the third gets a twenty-seven, etc.
  4. Time to string! You will weave your thread in the first hole and then through the second, so on and so fourth. Don’t forget to secure the ends.
  5. When you point to the first number (two) and ask “what two times one is” the answer will be “two”. Now when you ask what (two) times (five) is, you will count five times down the card garland to end at the number ten and so on and so fourth.

Plan For Independent Practice:

    This is a lesson that the students can completely do on their own. They can write or paint the numbers, punch holes, string the cards and then count out the answers. Incorporating the students’ complete abilities and encouraging participation is why this lesson works so well.

Closure (Reflect Anticipatory Set):

    In closure, this activity is also useful because the garland can be used as a classroom decoration project.

Assessment Based on Objectives:

    The assessment of this lesson is that some useful and pertinent knowledge of number facts will be absorbed through doing this project. If it is not the multiplication facts, then the practice of writing numbers in the pretense of doing an art project is a practical way to gain math confidence skills.

Adaptations (For Students with Learning Disabilities):

    Through painting the numbers on large cards, dexterity skills can be built. These cards can still be strung, or used as flash cards. Rotating the paint colors is a way to appeal to the visual senses and build pattern recognition skills. Even if the students can only understand the number line in an order of one, that is still the one times table.

Extensions (For Gifted Students):

    Gifted students may write the numbers in a foreign language, write the problem and solution, or go past the twelve times table and use this technique for any type of conceptual pattern building through using this routine memorization game.

Possible Connections to Other Subjects:

    Words can be written and a story can be made. A paragraph starting with each word can be written, teams may swap garlands to make it trickier. Connect each team word or sentence garland to form a complete story.

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