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Physical Education/Jumping Rope
P.E. & Health
Title – Physical Education/Jumping Rope
By – Lisa Bischof
Primary Subject – Health / Physical Education
Secondary Subjects – Math
Grade Level- 3-4
- Students will be able to individually perform non-locomotor stretches with and without a jump rope.
- Students will be able to demonstrate the following locomotor jumping skills while jumping rope.
- Using both feet — 20 repetitions.
- Jumping on one foot at a time — 15 repetitions.
- Jumping while alternating feet — 10 repetitions.
Subject Integration: Music and Math.
Materials: One jump rope for every student. One CD player and musical selections. Paper and pencil to record data.
The jump rope is the focus for this lesson. Jump ropes made of solid plastic, called licorice, should have handles for the students. The length of the rope should be appropriately measured for the students. When a child stands in the middle of a rope, the ends of that rope should reach his/her armpits or higher. This measurement is usually seven to eight feet for this grade level.
Skill Areas: Manipulative movements used while turning the rope. Non-locomotor skills used during the stretching in the warm-up and cool-down. Locomotor skills used during the fitness and focus of the lesson while jumping.
Play Area: Outdoors on a paved surface. Indoors if there is enough space to accommodate the size of the class.
Formation: Students will be arranged in a staggered block formation. Allow enough room between students for the ropes to turn!
Anticipatory Set/Introductory Activity: Introduce the lesson, while the class is still in the classroom, by asking students about the activities that get an athlete in condition to compete. “What activities do boxers do when preparing for a match?” “Yes, you’re correct, they do that.” “What else?” Try to lead them to answer “jumping rope.” Ask why the students think athletes jump rope to get into condition. “What do you have to do when you jump rope by yourself?” “Is there more than one way to jump rope?” (Two feet, one foot, and alternating feet.) “You will have to demonstrate all of these!”
RULES: “Before we head to the gym, we must understand the rules for using jump ropes in class. We will spread out and use the entire gym area to prevent anyone from being hit by someone else’s rope. You will only use your rope. When we reach the gym, you will space yourselves by holding one rope between you and the next student. After that, do not touch anyone else’s rope unless directed by me to do so. We will begin class with some stretching exercises. Do not jump rope before I instruct you to do so. I will provide some music during the class while you practice jumping rope. This will provide the opportunity for you to jump with both feet, one foot at a time (right and left), and then alternating feet. We will then count and record the number of jumps that each of you can perform. We will use our Buddy System, so one of each pair must bring a piece of paper and a pencil or pen. If there is any problem with this activity, you will be writing sentences for me to read over the weekend! Do you understand what we are planning to do?” (Wait!) “Here is a rope for each of you. Will today’s leader please lead us to the gym? Let’s go jump!” Hand out ropes and go to the gym.
When in the gym, spread out. Have students drop ropes. Start by doing arm circles. Do small ones and get bigger (both forward and backward). Head rolls to stretch necks. Do at least 10 -15 repetitions of each of these that follow. With ropes held in hands just wider than shoulder width, stretch like a washing machine to both sides. While still holding the rope, place hands above head and stretch to both sides. Sit on floor and extend legs together to the front of you. While holding the ends of the rope, place the middle of the rope around feet, between the balls and arch of both feet. Stretch the back of calves by pulling the rope toward you with your hands. Stretch the front of lower legs by pointing toes on both feet and allowing little resistance with hands holding rope.
Developmental Activities: Fitness Activity: Inform the students that they have six to seven minutes to become acquainted with their ropes. Begin to play music for them to feel a little more comfortable while they adjust to the ropes and practice for the lesson focus. Observe at all times! Have them practice jumping with both feet, each foot individually, and alternating feet.
Lesson Focus Activity: Ask students to demonstrate jumping rope with both feet. (Children usually add a little hop in between the jumps.) Have all children jump like this until they can reach a count of 20. Now, jump on your right foot for 15 jumps with no misses. “Why do you think this is harder to do? What is pulling you to the floor? What do you need to jump on one foot? That’s right! Gravity is pulling you to the floor so you need to have good balance. Keep trying!” Switch to jumping for 15 repetitions on the left foot. Watch students for spacing and frustration levels. Offer encouragement to everyone! If some students finish before everyone else, ask them to jump 15 more repetitions. Ask students to try to jump while alternating feet. If needed, demonstrate this for the students or have someone demonstrate for the class. Have them try to get 10 repetitions by alternating feet. If there are some students that cannot do it, ask them to practice for the next gym class. Using the Buddy System (Students have been paired up for Physical Education Class), the students pair up and jump and count the numbers of jumps for each student, before missing, using the three methods assessed. Have them list the number of jumps completed, but not the students’ name. Take these numbers back to the class to figure out the mean (average), medium (middle), and mode(most common) of each method. Possibly set goals to improve these numbers!
Closing Activity: Arrange the students as in the beginning for the stretching. Repeat the same procedure using the stretches used in the Introduction. Have the students pick up their ropes, paper and writing instruments. Quietly, return to your classroom.
Assessment: Observe students while traveling to and from the gym. Make corrections as needed. During the fitness activity, assess as to whether the students are following directions to practice or not. During the focus activity, assess students as to who could reach the set goals for jumping and offer encouragement to those who couldn’t. Have the class practice and try again during a future class. Upon returning to class, ask for the number of jumps recorded, but not the names of the students. Figure the mean, medium, and mode for each method. Post these and try to surpass them in the next class. Assessment of cooperation within the pairs will be included.
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