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Throwing and Catching

Subject:

P.E. & Health  

Grades:

4, 5  

Title – Throwing and Catching

By – Lenny Goduto

Primary Subject – Health / Physical Education

Grade Level – 4-5

Standards:

    National Standard: 1
    NJ Core Curriculum Standard: 2.5

Lesson Outline:

  1. Performance Objectives:
    1. Psychomotor:
        At the end of the today's lesson, the students will be able to throw an object
        using the proper technique and will be evaluated by the teacher during the
        activity drills.
    2. Social:
        During the lesson, 100% of the students will participate in group work without
        negative comments. Negative comments will be identified by both the teacher and
        the group.

  2. Materials and Equipment:
    1. Lesson Plan
    2. Whistle
    3. All sizes and types of balls

  3. Procedure:

    1. Opening Activities:
      1. Dress
      2. Attendance

    2. Warm-up/stretch:
      1. Right over left
      2. Left over right
      3. 20 jumping jacks
      4. 10 push ups
        1. Jog two laps around gym
        2. Skip two laps around gym
        3. Gallop two laps around gym

    3. Transition:
      1. Have students take a seat on the floor in front of you.

    4. Introduction:
      1. "Good morning class, today we are going to work on our dribbling and volleying
        skills. We will first talk about dribbling. Dribbling is propelling an object
        downward using our fingertips while keeping our knees bent. Dribbling is a skill
        that must be used in order to move up and down a court. In what sport is
        dribbling most common? (Response: Basketball.) Okay, good! We are going to go
        over some skills and play some fun games today as long as everyone cooperates
        and is respectful when I'm giving directions."

    5. D&D (Demonstration) Activity:
      1. Cues: Throwing
        1. Describe and demonstrate the cues to the students.
        2. Side to target
          1. Make sure the side of your body that is away from the hand you are throwing with
            is toward the wall; if you were to walk straight ahead, you would walk along the
            wall, not toward it
        3. Arm Way Back
          1. Bring your arm back so that your elbow is almost above your ear and your hand is
            behind your head.
        4. Step with Opposite Foot
          1. Step forward on the foot opposite the hand you are using to throw
        5. Follow through
          1. After you throw, make your arm follow the ball.
          2. Your hand should end up almost at your knee.
      2. Cues: Catching
        1. Thumbs together
          1. If the ball is above your waist, you should catch the ball with your thumbs
            together.
        2. Pinkies together
          1. If the ball is below your waist, you should catch the ball with your pinkies
            together.

    6. Transition:
      1. Have the students get in groups of four and find a partner in the group
      2. Have one person from each group get a ball
      3. Have two students in each group line up side to side stretched out along the
        length of the baseline.
      4. Have remaining two students in group sit 10 feet away, opposite their partners.

    7. Drill: Seated Group Throw (Peer Teaching Part 1)
      1. In this drill, the students will be seated while throwing and catching type=”a”>
      2. This will allow them to concentrate on the following cues
        1. Catching with thumbs together (above the waist)
        2. Arm way back
        3. Follow through
        4. Elbow up
      3. The first two students in the group will begin throwing and catching back and
        forth between each other continuously
      4. The other two students in the group will provide feedback to their partners by
        reminding them of the correct cues.
      5. Challenges
        1. Throw using both hands
        2. Throw to each other with an high arch
        3. Throw with non-dominant hand
        4. Throw from 20 feet away
        5. Catch with both hands
        6. Catch with one hand
        7. Catch with non-dominant hand
        8. Complete 10 consecutive successful "passes" between partners

  4. Drill: Seated Group Throw (Peer Teaching Part 2)
    1. Have students switch roles; teacher is now thrower, thrower in now teacher.
    2. Go through all the challenges with this group.

  5. Transition:
    1. Have the students stand up

  6. Drill: Standing Group Throw (Peer Teaching)
    1. In this drill students will be throwing back and forth to each other standing
      up, starting from 15 feet away.
    2. This will allow them to concentrate on all the cues together.

  7. Students are still receiving feedback from each other.
    1. Challenges:
      1. Throw to each other with an high arch
      2. Throw with non-dominant hand
      3. Throw from 20 feet away
      4. Throw from 35 feet away
      5. Catch with both hands
      6. Catch with one hand
      7. Catch with non-dominant hand
      8. Complete 10 consecutive successful "passes" between partners

  8. Game: "Elimination"
    1. Explain Rules
      1. "Okay, now we are going to play a fun game where we will practice our throwing
        and catching skills. This game is a modified dodgeball game.
      2. There are no teams, everyone is on their own.
      3. The point of the game is to hit as many people as you can with the ball and
        avoid being hit.
      4. You can not hit someone in the head; doing so will result in having to sit out
        (safety).
      5. If you get hit with the ball, you are out and have to take a seat right there on
        the floor until the person that got you out is hit out.
        1. After the first time this game is played, this rule will be modified to: if you
          get out, you can…
          1. sit out and wait for the person who got you out to get hit or
          2. perform seven push-ups, then get back into the game.
      6. If you catch a ball when thrown at you, the thrower is out.
      7. The boundaries are the entire gym."

  9. Transition:
    1. Have the students lie on the floor in a "dying cockroach" position
    2. Throw out small soft balls all through the gym.
    3. Blow whistle to start the game.

  10. Game:
    1. Make sure the rules of the game are being followed
    2. Watch for safety issues
    3. Give feedback to students

  11. Transition:
    1. Blow whistle to stop the game
    2. Have students take a seat in front of you

  12. Closure:
    1. Praise students and their behavior and praise them on how well they did the
      drills and played the "Elimination" game.
    2. Recap the cues
      1. So what are the cues for throwing?
      2. Should I kick with my catching?
    3. Everyone did a great job today being teachers.

  13. Transition:
    1. Ask students to help you collect all the balls and put them in the ball bag on
      their way to the locker room.

  • Assessment/Evaluation:
    1. Domains:
      1. Primary
        1. Psychomotor
      2. Secondary
        1. Social
    2. When Performing Assessment:
      1. During "Elimination" game
      2. During peer teaching activity
    3. How Performing Assessment:
      1. Observing for proper throwing and catching technique
      2. Observing for proper feedback during peer teaching activity

  • References:
    1. Professor Klatt; College of New Jersey
    2. Graham, Children Moving
  • E-Mail Lenny Goduto!

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