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Tobacco Lesson

Subject:

P.E. & Health  

Grades:

4, 5, 6  

Title – Tobacco Lesson

By – Lenny Goduto

Primary Subject – Health / Physical Education

Grade Level – 4-6

Note from LessonPlansPage.com:

    This lesson makes reference to videos, but does not name them. Possibly these vidoes are available from the CDC website reference below, or you might have access to your own videos on the topic.

Standards:

  • National Health Education Standards:
      (1.1, 1.3, 1.4, 1.6 1.7, 1.8, 2.1, 2.2, 2.4, 4.2)
  • NJ Core Curriculum Standards:
      (2.1, 2.2, 2.3)

Instructional Objectives:

  1. Cognitive – After participating in this lesson on tobacco, the students should be able to demonstrate knowledge of the
    material covered by participating in an emphysema activity.
  2. Affective – After participating in this tobacco lesson, the students should be able to demonstrate behaviors related to the lesson from subject matter learned while watching the tobacco video.

Materials or Equipment:

  1. Lesson Plan
  2. Straws
  3. Worksheet

Procedure:

  1. Introduction:
    • Good morning class. Yesterday we talked about tobacco and what is in tobacco. Right now we are going to watch a quick 5-minute video. This will help us refresh our minds on some of things we talked about yesterday.
  2. Content:
    1. Tobacco affects the body:
      • Brain – Nicotine causes the release of chemical in the brain that makes tobacco users crave tobacco.
      • Heart – as a result of atherosclerosis, the heart must work harder to pump blood. This extra stress on the heart can lead to high blood pressure, heart attack and stroke.
      • Lungs – smoking blocks the airways, impairs the lungs, and increases the risk of lung cancer and other respiratory diseases.
      • Skin – smoking ages and wrinkles the skin.
      • Fingers – long term tobacco use can stain the fingers yellow.
      • Mouth teeth and throat – tobacco causes bad breath stains on teeth and decrease the senses of taste and smell. It can cause gum disease, mouth, throat, and esophageal cancer.
      • Stomach, colon, and bladder – Tobacco can cause stomach ulcers and bladder, kidney and stomach cancers.
    2. Diseases linked to Tobacco:
      • Cancer – a disease in which abnormal cells grow and spread. People who smoke have an increased risk of cancers in the mouth, throat, breast, lungs, and pancreas. Smoking is the most common cause of death from cancer.
      • Chronic Bronchitis – a condition in which mucus blocks the airways. People with bronchitis must cough to dislodge the mucus.
      • Respiratory Infections – such as colds and pneumonia. Smoking robs the body of vitamin C which helps keep the immune system strong.
      • Emphysema – a condition in which the air sacs in the lungs become damaged. As a result the body does not get all the oxygen it needs. It is responsible for 100,000 deaths per year.
      • Asthma – a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways. Secondhand smoke exposure causes children who already have asthma to experience more frequent and severe attacks.
    3. What exactly happens psychologically when one smokes?
      • Within 10 seconds of first inhalation nicotine passes into blood.
      • Acts on brain cells immediately by crossing protective barrier in brain.
      • Thirty minutes after cigarette, brain undergoes nicotine depravation.
      • Brain adapts to accommodate nicotine by creating more nicotinic receptors.
      • More nicotinic receptors means craving for additional nicotine.
      • As a result, smoker feels normal with nicotine flooding receptors and abnormal without it.
      • “Most are never more than a few hours away from the start of nicotine withdrawal symptoms.”
      • Nicotine withdrawal causes dramatic mental dysfunction.
    4. What exactly happens physically when one smokes?
      • Airway of the lungs immediately constricted, decreased lung function hindering physical activity
      • Nagging coughs and shortness of breath common
      • Increased heart rate
      • Elevated blood pressure
      • Carbon monoxide in blood deprives body cells of oxygen.
      • Hazardous chemicals carried in blood, expose carcinogens to body tissues.
      • Wherever smoke touches any cells, it harms them.
  3. Teaching Strategy:
    • Guided notes worksheet
    • Everyone in class will receive a straw. Students are to stand right next to your desk with straw in hand. When I say “go,” you are to run in place as fast as you can for one minute. When I say “time,” you are to place the straw in your mouth and plug your nose. This will simulate how a person with emphysema breathes.
    • Video: 23 minutes
  4. Closure:
    • Great job today class. I hope you enjoyed our second lesson on tobacco. Tomorrow we are going to talk about smokeless tobacco and start our “pack it in” projects. How is everyone doing on the homework that’s due tomorrow? Have a good day ladies and gentlemen.
  5. References:
    • Health and Wellness Teachers Addition. Meeks Heit. 2005

Teacher Reflection and Evaluation:

  1. Did I meet my class objectives?
  2. How was my class control?
  3. What changes should I make for the next time?
  4. Was the material age and level appropriate?
  5. How was my voice/ projection?



Tobacco Worksheet

NAME:

DATE:



The Effects of Tobacco on the Body

Use your books

(handout, notes, internet, dictionary)

to fill in each blank.

  1. …………………………………. causes the release of chemicals in the brain that makes tobacco users crave tobacco.
  2. As a result of atherosclerosis, the……………………. must work harder to pump blood.
  3. Smoking blocks the airways, impairs the……………………, and increases the risk of cancer and other respiratory diseases.
  4. Smoking ages and wrinkles the …………………….. .
  5. Long term tobacco use can stain the …………………… yellow.
  6. Tobacco causes bad breath stains on your …………………….. and decrease the senses of ………….., ……………… and ……………………… . It can cause gum disease, mouth, throat, and esophageal cancer.



Diseases Linked to Tobacco

Use your books

(handout, notes, internet, dictionary)

to define the diseases listed below.

1. Cancer

2. Emphysema

3. Asthma

4. Chronic Bronchitis

E-Mail

Lenny Goduto

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