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Problem Solving: What to do when you witness bullying.
P.E. & Health
Concepts/ Topic to Teach: Being an active bystander when witnessing another person being bullied.
Standard 5: Exhibits responsible personal behavior and social behavior that respects self and others in physical activity settings (Physical Education Content Standards of Ohio).
Students should be able to recognize bullying (problem) and be able to take the proper steps to help diffuse or take action to stop the bullying (solving the problem).
A. Teach and Apply Problem Solving Method:
1. Identify Problem
2. Assessing the Situation
3. Make a Decision
4. Take Appropriate Action
5. Reflect on Action
B. Compare and Contrast Appropriate Behavior in a Situation.
C. See Development of Understanding Through Pre- and Post-Assessment.
1. Semantic Feature Analysis Chart
2. White Board with markers
3. Pencils and paper
Anticipatory Set (Lead-In):
Generate a discussion about problem solving. This involves asking questions to the students such as:
What is problem solving?
How do you problem solve?
What is a problem?
Are there problems in school?
When asking what a problem is, have students generate a Concept Map on the white board.
When the Concept Map is complete, the video about being an active bystander will be played.
1. Have the students explain what they believe problem solving is. Pre-Assessment will be discussion on their basic knowledge of problem solving.
2. Explain the method of problem solving, and work through each step on a smartboard. (Under Specific Objectives A. Steps 1-5)
3. For Step 1, ask the students to give an example of bullying.
4. For Step 2, go off the example given by the students, and ask them what they would do in the situation. They would be asked how they would assess it.
5. For Step 3, give the students proper decisions that they can make. Use the Semantic Analysis Chart to explain correct and incorrect behavior when assessing the situation.
6. For Step 4, the students would be told to make sure they take appropriate action from their decision.
7. For Step 5, explain how they would reflect on the situation. Give the students different formats of how to reflect. For example, writing in a journal, talking to an adult or friend, etc.
8. Role play a situation of bullying and work together to problem solve as an active bystander.
Three students to a group.
One student is bully. One is victim. One is bystander.
The bystander will use the problem solving method to assess the situation.
9. Post-Assessment: The students will receive a case study and individually write down step-by-step how they would problem solve the situation.
Plan for Independent Practice:
Assign students a YouTube video case study about bullying and have them use the Problem Solving Method. Have the students write down the steps and bring it back as homework.
Attach a parent letter stating: “The video your child is to view is about bullying. While there is violence and some inappropriate language shown, we want to assure you that the purpose of this video is for your child to become an active bystander and learn how to problem solve through this situation. If you feel necessary, you and your child can choose a different video to work through this process.”
Closure (Reflect Anticipatory Set):
Show another YouTube video to close:
Assessment Based on Objectives:
Pre-Assessment discussion as stated above.
Post-Assessment case study as stated above.
Adaptations (For Students with Learning Disabilities):
Have a teacher or aid sit with the student to help work through the problem.
Give students problem solving methods on a laminated piece of paper to remind them of the steps to take.
Extentions (For Gifted Students):
Give the students an extra case study and have them go in-depth about each step.
Possible Connections to Other Subjects:
The problem solving method could used in multiple disciplines throughout education, such as problem solving through math.