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This simple activity shows how the sun and heat affect things
Title – How Heat Affects Things
By – Janette Gonzalez
Primary Subject – Science
Grade Level – 1
Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Science:
- 112.3.a (2) Introduction.
- Students observe that heat from the Sun or friction is an example of something that causes change.
- 112.3.b (1.7) Science concepts.
- The student knows that many types of change occur. The student is expected to:
- (B) identify and test ways that heat may cause change such as when ice melts.
- The student will be able to identify how the sun affects objects.
- The student will be able to identify where temperature is hotter, in the shade or in the sun.
- The student will be able to identify what kind of air is around us (hot or cold) and how it affects us.
- plastic bags (one for each student)
- chocolate (at least two per bag)
- science notebook
- No example is needed because they are going to do the lesson with you and make their own example
- The students will start out working individually, then they will partner.
- Start out by asking what they know about the sun and how they think that it affects us and the things around us.
- Have all the students come sit on the leading carpet.
- Read a short book or information about the sun and heat to them.
- After you are done with reading and telling information, pass out a bag with chocolate inside to each student.
- Make sure and tell them rules and consequences if they are playing around and not following directions when they are outside.
- Have the students line up to go outside.
- When you get outside, have the students with the bag that says shade on it, put their bags in the shade.
- Wait until all the “shade” students are done. Then have the students with the “sun” bags put their bags of chocolate in the sun.
- Leave the bags where they are for about ten minutes. While waiting, let the students go play.
- After ten minutes, call all the students back so they can grab their bag and line up to go back inside.
- When you get back to the classroom, have a student with a sun bags find a partner with a shade bag and have then sit together and observe the 2 chocolates and record their observations in their science journal.
- Give them some time to work. After everyone is done, have them all go to their seats. Review with them what they learned and observed.
- What happened to the chocolate that was in the sun?
- Why didn’t the chocolate in the shade melt?
- Which temperature is hotter shade or sun?
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