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Young students graph their favorite taste – sweet, salty, bitter, or sour – in this integrated curriculum lesson that honors auditory, visual and kinesthetic learners

Subject:

Math  

Grades:

PreK, K, 1  

Title – Taste Testing
By – Nicole Adams
Primary Subject – Science
Secondary Subjects – Math
Grade Level – PK-1

Domain/Curricular Structure:

    Whole-Group Science

Goals/Concepts:

  • Students should understand that the tongue is used for tasting.
  • Students should learn that the tongue only tastes things that are sweet, salty, bitter, and sour.
  • Students should also gain understanding on how to organize data in the form of a graph.

Objectives/Indicators:

  • Science K-3.2 Identify the functions of the sensory organs (including the eyes, nose, ears, tongue, and skin)
  • Math K-6.1 Organize data in graphic displays in the form of drawings and pictures.

Content/Rationale:

  • This lesson is appropriate for kindergarten because it provides a hand-on learning experience to teach them about their sense of taste.
  • They will understand that the tongue is what we use to taste with because they will have that experience during the lesson.
  • This is an integrated lesson that uses science and math to learn about the senses.
  • The students will also have the opportunity to draw a picture to put on the graph we will make after the taste testing.
  • According to Differentiating for the Young Child, “integrating the curriculum enables primary students to draw on the skills, ideas, and materials of more than one discipline (71).”

Professional Resources:

      Smutny, J.F. & Von Fremd, S.E. (2004)

Differentiating for the Young Child: Teaching Strategies across the Content Areas

    (K-3). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press, Inc.

Materials:

  • Lemons (6)
  • Semi-sweet chocolate/grapefruit
  • Pretzels
  • Chocolate (M&M;’s or Reese’s)
  • Pocket chart
  • Pictures of each type of food tasted

Procedures:

  1. I will ask the students to join me on the carpet calling them by tables.
  2. We will sing a five senses song once all of the students are on the carpet sitting like kindergartners.
  3. “Who can tell me one of our five senses?” “Who can tell me another one?” I will ask students for responses until all five are named.
  4. I will ask the students to repeat after me as I name all of the five senses pointing to the corresponding body parts.
  5. “Today we are going to learn more about our sense of taste. Who knows what part of our body we use to taste with?” (mouth/tongue)
  6. “Did you know that our tongue can only taste four different tastes?” “It can taste foods that are sweet, salty, bitter, and sour.”
  7. “Today we are going to taste foods that are sweet, salty, bitter, and sour.”
  8. “At each of your seats, there are four different foods. You will have the chance to try each of them, but you are not to touch anything until I tell you to.”
  9. I will send students back to their seats by boys and girls.
  10. I will have the students taste each food one at a time as a class.
  11. After they taste each food, I will ask if they think it’s sweet, sour, salty, or bitter.
  12. I will pass out a square for them to draw the picture of their favorite food they tasted. I will call them by table to add it to the graph.
  13. We will discuss the graph to see which type of food was the favorite.
  14. I will wrap up the lesson by asking the class which one of the senses we used today. I will also ask which part of the body we used.

Differentiated Teaching Strategies:

  • This lesson honors auditory, visual, and kinesthetic learners.
  • Honor auditory learners by discussing the terms sweet, sour, bitter, and salty before the students do the taste test and by giving step-by-step directions during the lesson.
  • Honor visual learners by using a graph with pictures of each food tasted to show the class’s favorite taste. The visual learners will also have the food in front of them to look at during the lesson.
  • The kinesthetic learners will be able to touch the food they will taste. They will also be able to hold a piece of paper and add it to the class graph at the end of the lesson.

Assessment:

  • This lesson will be assessed through teacher observation.
  • Listen during the discussion prior to the taste testing to see if the students understand what part of the body is used for tasting.
  • Also, listen during the discussion during the lesson to see if the students can identify which foods are either sweet, salty, sour, or bitter.
  • When making the class graph, look to see if the students start the graph at the bottom and go up and if they remember that the graph needs a title.

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