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In Lesson 4, students Carve a Glyph on Sandstone


Art, Social Studies  



Title – Mesoamerican Glyphs
By – Roberta Reagan
Subject – Social Studies, Art
Grade Level – 3rd grade


Lesson 4
Unit Name: Glyphs in Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica

N ame of Art Lesson:  Designing Glyph and Carving on SandStone

Name:   Roberta Reagan

Grade Level:   3rd Grade Art

1. Objectives:

Students will be able to:

· Discuss and observe safety rules for carving on SandStone
· Discuss various methods of carving from viewing Stellas and Lintels.
· Transfer their design from paper onto the SandStone
· Use tools to carve design into SandStone

2. Looking at and Talking About Art:

1. Time:  10 minutes reviewing terms, viewing detailed pictures of ancient glyphs on stellas and lintels, discussing carving quality and methods of carving, answering questions about their own designs.
2. Teaching Method:   Lecture, question and answer, and viewing pictures.
3. Class Organization:  Students will bring their chairs close to the TV and Computer area.  That is where we will view the pictures and have our discussion.  They will return to their tables when we are ready to do their designs.
4. Terms (review from last lesson):

a. Glyph – picture symbols and pictographs, symbols in which objects were represented by a miniature, often stylized, drawing.
b. Realistic drawing – life-like
c. Stylized drawing – not life-like, but a form that represents something real
d. Linear – dark, visible outlines in a “coloring book” style.   The lines are consistently thin with the same thickness throughout a composition.   In a codex, the objects are usually painted with dark visible outlines, and filled in with solid colors.
e. Stella – a freestanding sculpture carved in stone or basalt.
f. Subtractive – as in carved sculpture, material is “taken away” by using a tool
g. Additive – as in clay sculpture, material is “added” in various ways by using tools or hands.

· Discussion Questions:

1. Picture:  Detail of Bonampak Stellas.  Question:  How were these glyphs carved?  What kinds of tools do you think they used?  Notice how each glyph was carved.  Is the carved line deep or shallow? Review Subtractive elements in carving.
2. Picture:  various glyphs, incl. Jaguar glyph, person glyph, plant/corn glyph.  Question:  Were the same tools used to carve these glyphs as were used on the Stella we just saw? Review linear and stylization aspects.
3. Picture:  Detail of Yaxchilan Lintel.   Question:  Is this the same or different than the Stella we just saw?  What is different?  What is the same?  Notice how each glyph was carved.  Is the carving line deep or shallow?

3. Art Production Activities:

· Time:  40 minutes transfer design of own animal glyphs to SandStone and start carving.
· Teaching Method:  Teacher instruction, followed by individual tutoring as needed.
· Class Organization:  Desk arrangement as is normal for that classroom, and have 2 student helpers pass out papers from last week, tools, and SandStone blocks.
· Step-by-Step Procedures:

1. Using the black sharpie marker, make a graph on the block of SandStone just like the graph on 4″x3″ paper.
2. Transfer design to SandStone block  by looking at graph of design and using a black sharpie marker on the SandStone.
3. Put on goggles to protect eyes from flying sand.
4. Use tools to carve design, following black line.
5. When design is finished, lightly scrape away any extra black marks, like the marks for the graph.

4. Clean-up Activities:

· Time: 5 minutes to put away supplies and get ready to go.
· Class Organization:  2 students from each table put away supplies and gather papers, finished and unfinished carvings are placed on trays to be put in 3rd grade cupboard.

5. Evaluation Activities:

a. Time:  5 minutes to ask questions to see if they understand concepts covered.

· Questions:
a. What is a Stella? Describe a piece of sculpture that is called this.
b. What is a lintel?   Describe a piece of sculpture that is called this.
c. Describe a “stylized” drawing.
d. Describe a “realistic” drawing.

b. Evaluation Method:  Question/Answer format with them seated at their tables.
c. Step-by-Step Procedures:

· Review terms
· Review glyphs viewed

6. Instructional Resources, Materials, Supplies, Tools, Visuals:

· Photos in visual file
· TV hooked up to computer
· Floppy disc with Power Point Presentation
· Papers from last week
· Wooden tools, plastic knife, goggles (17 of each)
· SandStone block 4″x3″(17)
· Black sharpie markers (17)
· Newspapers to cover table

7. A teacher-Made Sample:

· Show example of my SandStone carving
. Show example of design on graph paper
. Show example of SandStone with graph and design

E-Mail Roberta Reagan !

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