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“A Taste of Canadian Confederation” teaches a little Canadian history


Social Studies  




Title – A Taste of Canadian Confederation (American Adaptable)
By – Lisa Allen
Primary Subject – Social Studies
Secondary Subjects – Social Studies
Grade Level – 8
Confederation Grade 8
A Taste of Canadian History
Note from This lesson plan uses handouts that are not included. You may be able to create your own version of the handouts, do without them, or contact the author at the email address at the bottom of this lesson plan to request a copy.

Materials Required:


– Handout: Outline of Provinces and Territories
– Handout: Map of Canada (Labeled- including Nunavut)
– Scissors
– Glue
– History Text book to research information on Confederation dates and events


– Cake mix for each group
– icing
– licorice
– Smarties candy
– scissors
– paper
– pen or pencil
– Handout: A Taste of Canadian History with Rubric

Confederation: A Taste of History
Specific Expectations:

– Students will demonstrate an understanding of the factors that contributed to Canada’s Confederation.
– Students will demonstrate an understanding of growth and development of Canada.
– Students will demonstrate knowledge of the Canadian Pacific Railway.
– Students will demonstrate an understanding of factors that led to development of the Canadian West.
– Describe the issues, results and personalities of the Red River Rebellion of 1870 and the NW Rebellion of 1885.
– Describe the significance of the CPR.
– Demonstrate an understanding of the effect that the discovery of Gold and new wheat strains had on the economy of the early Canadian West.
– Use appropriate vocabulary.


– Students first must complete the handout on Canada and its provinces. Students cut out and paste each province in their correct spot and then research and write down the year that province confederated and the events surrounding its Confederation.
– Students form groups of 4 and decide who will be the baker.
– The baker is provided with a cake mix which will be brought in made, no icing, next class.


– Students get into their groups and receive the instruction sheet with rubric attached to the back. Bonus question: Outline the CPR on your cake and, on paper, write out its significance including the year it began and the year it was completed. Include a discussion on those who played a key role in its creation.
– Students are ONLY allowed to use their handout from the day before (cut outs of provinces).
– Students begin by first icing their cake. Using licorice, they outline the map of Canada including the provincial and territorial boundaries.
– Smarties are used for their legend. Count out enough for each province and territory (Eg. 4 blue for Ont, Que, NS, NB; 2 red for Manitoba and NW Territories) then add a handful more to trick the students! (Represent year of Confederation).
– Using paper, students write the name of the province or territory and stick it onto the cake.
– On a long sheet of paper, students write out the important events that existed at the time of each provinces/territories Confederation to Canada.
– Once assessed, students eat their cake! (This is MESSY).

E-Mail Lisa Allen !

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