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TOPIC:Similiarities and Differences of Children’s Lives in Japa
Social Studies, Other
Mary Ann Polowy
TOPIC: Using a Map / Using a Compass
OBJECTIVES / PERFORMANCE EXPECTATIONS: The student will be able to:
1) use maps and a compass rose to find a landmark,
2) find North, South, East and West (directions) using a map and a compass,
3) demonstrate how to use a compass and what it is used for.
MATERIALS NEEDED: Compasses, maps and handouts for each group.
LESSON: The lesson will last one class period or 45 to 60 minutes.
ANTICIPATORY SET/INTRODUCTION: Tell a story about a person who is lost in the woods, but finds his way out by using a compass.
DEVELOPMENT/ACTIVITY: Tell the children that today they will be finding landmarks by using a map and then by using a compass. Say most of you are probably familiar with using a map, but today we will also use a compass. Briefly review the basics to using a map and the directions North, South, East and West on a compass rose.
Divide the children into groups of 4 or 5. Give each group a map with a compass rose and have each group find a different landmark. Have them identify the landmark in relationship to their town using the compass rose. Example: The Capitol building is North of our town, Wardsville.
Next, show the class a compass and demonstrate how to use it. Relate the directions from the map to the compass. Then take the children outside or inside if you prefer. Divide them into pairs. Give each pair a compass and let them find the directions of objects around them. Have them write down their answers on the handouts and turn in.
CLOSURE: Discuss the importance of a compass and a map. Review how to use a compass and tell them next time they have social studies they will use their knowledge of compasses to find a treasure.(see extension below)
EXTENSION: At the end of the unit of maps and compasses, have the students use their compasses to locate a nearby ice cream shop, candy shop or fast food restaurant. Give them directions to this secret place and have each bring $1.00 along to spend. The directions might say 2 blocks North, then 1 block South, etc.
ASSESSMENT: Observation of children in group time during map exercise.
Review their answers to the compass exercise to see if the children are grasping how to use a compass.
Interview children while they are working in their groups to see if they are on track.
Self evaluation-evaluate teaching success and change things that
REFERENCES: L. Woodward, personnel communication, Oct. 1, 1997